Cactus (technically called “cacti” in plural form) are part of the Cactaceae plant family which consists of some 127 genera and about 1750 species of the order Caryophyllales. Cacti come in many different shapes and sizes and are known for their spininess.
Because cactus only grow in areas that have at least some drought, they adapt to the dryness by storing and conserving rare water. Here are some of the most common types of cactus, many of which you can grow at home.
Types of Cactus
1. Rat’s Tail Cactus (Aporocactus Flagelliformis)
The rat’s tail cactus is a plant that is rather simple to care for and maintain, which enjoys its developed life being housed within an execution basket or pot. These plants will grow from any division of the stem and you can expect plenty of them.
2. Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus Peruvianus)
The Peruvian apple cactus also known as columnar, has the scientific name of Cereus peruvianus or C.repandus. This Cereus cacti can make white flowers within summer – that release up at night-time, once it matures and a well-known ridged column stem, with brown colored spines,
3. Bunny Ears Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys)
The Bunny cactus is native to northern Mexico and desert regions stretching into Arizona. This plant has the look of a shrub, and spreads out to wrap among 2-5 feet of ground as an adult plant. Named for its ocular appearance, the Bunny Ear Cactus, also called the Polka-Dot Cactus,
4. Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera Bridgesii)
The Christmas cactus possesses a scientific name which belongs to a genus that has a puzzling history – to say the least. The plant at present belongs to the Schlumbergera genus, and has the botanical name of Schlumbergera bridges from the parent plant named Schlumbergera Truncata.
5. Easter Cactus (Hatiora Gaertneri)
A native of south-eastern Brazil, Hatiora gaertneri is a steamy cactus that requires a certain quantity of usual water in order to live. The completely grown-up cactus resembles a plant. In the wild, these cacti develop on trees or rocks only, so they need a particular potting mixture to keep them fit in your home.
6. Orchid Cactus (Disocactus Ackermannii)
This native of southern Mexico flourishes in the steamy atmosphere. Despite the name cactus, it enjoys water. Normal enlargement periods are in the spring and fall only. Its scientific name has newly been changed to Disocactus ackermannii from the earlier Epiphyllum ackermannii, portrait some quantity of confusion in the botanical world.
7. Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus Grusonii)
The barrel cactus is mainly suitable for rising in garden rockery settings, desert type landscapes, patios and botanical gardens. They are grown-up inside indoors conservatories or other glass rooms where sufficient sunlight is provided. However, they look to have great difficulty flowering indoors.
8. Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria)
Pincushion (or nipple) cactus is a part of a family called Mammillaria, which includes 250 type of cactus. Pincushion cacti are tiny, squat plants that typically don’t raise more than 6 inches in tallness. They can be ball or tub shaped, and is native to the warmer regions of the United States.
10. Beavertail Cactus (Opuntia Basilaris)
The beavertail cactus or beavertail prickly pear, is a cactus species originate in southwest United States. It occurs mainly in the Mojave Desert and Colorado Deserts. Opuntia basilaris is a medium-sized to little spiky pear cactus, depending on variety, rising to about 60 cm tall, with pink to rose color flora. A single plant may consist of hundreds of plump, flattened pads.
11. Ball Cactus (Parodia)
The Parodia genus includes a mass of flashy and easy-to-grow little ball cacti. After a reform of the type, the Parodia genus now includes plants that were formerly famous as notocactus, eriocactus, and brasilicactus. They are also not full-sun plants, but particularly through the summer months of strong sun they appreciate some daylight shadow.
12. Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus Rigidissimus)
Echinocereus rigidissimus normally recognized as the Arizona Rainbow Cactus or Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus is a solitary, rising cactus, that rarely branches or offsets with era. Echinocereus rigidissimus grows to a height of up to 30 cm, and a size of 11 cm when grown-up, with pectin ate radial spines bent slightly towards the stem.
13. Fairy Castle (Cereus Tetragonus)
Cereus tetragonus is resident to North, South and Central Americas. It is a extremely slow rising plant that will eventually make 6 feet tall. The stems on fairy castle cactus plant are five sided with vague based spines along every plane. The limbs are a bright green rotating woody and brown with time.
14. Zebra Cactus (Haworthia Attenuata)
The plants are usually tiny, less than 10 cm (4 in) high. The triangular shaped plants are green with thin white crested strips on the outer. At the end of the leaf is a non acute spine. The summer plants show in October and November, on the ending of an inflorescence.
15. Peruvian Cactus (Cereus Peruvianus)
Cereus repandus, the Peruvian apple cactus, is a big, upright, thorny columnar cactus establish in South America. It is also famous as giant club cactus, hedge cactus, cadushi, and kayush.With an often tree-like look, the Peruvian Apple Cactus. The nocturnal flowers remain open for only one night.
16. Saguaro Cactus (Carnegiea Gigantea)
The saguaro cactus is the symbol of the American west. Images of these cacti are seen all through our lives as a sign of the American Desert.
While the saguaro cactus has become a sign of the American West, the saguaro cactus will only grow up in the Sonoran desert. As a desert pointer species, Saguaro cactus will produce from sea level to about 4000 feet in height.
17. Chin Cactus (Gymnocalycium)
Gymnocalycium mihanovichii, frequently called chin cactus, is a type of cactus from South America generally grown as a houseplant. The mainly popular cultivars are diverse mutants which totally lack chlorophyll, revealing the red, orange or yellow pigmentation. These cultivars are often called moon cactus.
18. Peanut Cactus (Echinopsis Chamaecereus)
Echinopsis chamaecereus is a type of cactus from Argentina. It is mostly commonly referred to as the peanut cactus. Its stems extend about 1 cm (0.4 in) across. Orange plants up to 4 cm (1.6 in) appear in late spring.