Breast Cancer is a disease wherein cancer cells develop from the breast tissues. Cancer cells usually arise in the inner lining of milk ducts or milk glands of a woman’s breasts. The cancerous tumor that grew in the breast could spread to the other parts of the body. Women can obtain different forms of breast cancer. One primary type of breast cancer is the metaplastic breast cancer. In Metaplastic breast cancer, cancer cells can transform from a cancer cell type to another. There are different methods of treatment available in treating breast cancer.
Ductal Carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive breast cancer. DCIS is a type of breast cancer that occurs in the milk ducts of a woman’s breast. DCIS is non-invasive because cancer cells do not spread outside of the milk duct. DCIS do not show any symptoms to women. Invasive breast cancer may occur if a woman who has DCIS will not treat it early. Women who have DCIS could treat it by undergoing breast surgery or radiotherapy.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) is also called infiltrative ductal carcinoma. Like DCIS, IDC is also a type of breast cancer wherein cancer cells grows on the milk ducts of a woman’s breast. However, IDC could spread beyond the breast tissue and possibly on the other parts of the body. IDC have different symptoms and treatments.
IDC Type: Tubular Carcinoma of the Breast
Tubular Carcinoma of the Breast is a subtype of IDC. Tubular Carcinoma is a small, tube-shaped cancer cell. In Tubular Carcinoma, cancer cells are hardly distinguishable from normal and healthy cells. Tubular Carcinoma is a less aggressive type of invasive breast cancer. Tubular Carcinoma shows no signs of symptoms at first but it responds well to treatment.
IDC Type: Medullary Carcinoma of the Breast
Medullary Carcinoma of the Breast is a rare subtype of IDC. Medullary Carcinoma is a type of cancer cell that is soft and fleshy. It resembles the brain’s medulla. Medullary Carcinoma cancer cells look aggressive and highly malignant. Although they look highly disruptive, they don’t behave aggressively. Medullary Carcinoma cancer cells don’t grow quickly. They also do not spread beyond the breast to the lymph nodes. Medullary Carcinoma breast cancer usually occurs in women ages 40 to 50. This type of breast cancer is easier to treat than the other types.
IDC Type: Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast
Mucinous Carcinoma of the Breast is another rare form of IDC. Mucinous Carcinoma is a type of breast cancer that consists of abnormal cancer cells floating in the pools of mucin. Mucin is the slimy component of the substance called Mucus. Mucinous Carcinoma rarely spreads to the lymph nodes. This type of breast cancer usually occurs in women age 60-70.
IDC Type: Papillary Carcinoma
Papillary Carcinoma of the Breast is a rare type of invasive breast cancer. Papillary Carcinoma is a type of cancer cell that is made up of small, finger-like projections and has a defined border. Papillary Carcinoma cancer cells behave in two different ways. It could look and behave like normal, healthy breast cells. It could also be a malignant, fast-growing type of cancer cell. Like Mucinous Carcinoma, Papillary Carcinoma also occurs in women age 60-70.
IDC Type: Cribriform Carcinoma of the Breast
Cribriform Carcinoma of the Breast is a type of cancer cell that forms like a nest between ducts and lobules. Cribriform cells have distinguishing holes. Cribriform Carcinoma invades the connective tissues of the breast. Cribriform Carcinoma Cancer cells also behave like normal and healthy breast cells.
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma is also called the infiltrating lobular carcinoma. It is the second most common type of breast cancer. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma is a type of cancer cell that develops in the breast’s lobules and have spread out beyond the lobules to the other tissues of the breast. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma cancer cells could also invade the lymph nodes and other parts of the body through time.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare and aggressive type of breast cancer. The number one symptom for inflammatory breast cancer is the redness and swelling of the breast instead of the lump. Cancer cells in inflammatory breast cancer develop and spread quickly. Symptoms could get worse in hours or days. Inflammatory breast cancer has a serious diagnosis. Treatment should be done immediately after recognizing symptoms.
Lobular Carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
Lobular Carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is not an actual type of breast cancer. LCIS is an indication that women could have a possible risk of acquiring breast cancer. LCIS occurs in the lobules of a woman’s breast and remains in place. LCIS is also called Lobular neoplasia. Lobular neoplasia is a collection of abnormal cells in the lobules. Symptoms for LCIS are only visible in biopsy. LCIS can occur in women age 40-50.
Male Breast Cancer
Male breast cancer is a rare disease in men. Different factors risk men to breast cancer. These include old age, high estrogen levels, genetic factors and exposure to radiation. There are also different symptoms for male breast cancer. The most common signs are the lumps in the breast, nipple pain, areola sore, nipple discharge and enlarged lymph nodes. Male breast cancer treatment would depend on the size and location of the cancer cell. It will also depend on which stage the cancer is.
Paget’s disease of the Nipple
Paget’s disease of the Nipple is another rare form of breast cancer. In Paget’s disease of the Nipple, cancer cells develop around or in the nipple. They affect the milk ducts of the nipples then they spread to the surface of the nipple and the areola. In Paget’s disease of the Nipple, the areola and nipple usually become irritated, itchy, red and scaly. Paget’s disease of the Nipple occurs mostly in women than men.
Phyllodes Tumors of the Breast
Phyllodes tumors of the breast are another type of breast cancer that rarely occurs. Phyllodes tumors are cancer cells that grow in a leaf like pattern. Phyllodes tumors also grow quickly but rarely spread beyond the breast. Phyllodes tumors could be non-cancerous, cancerous or could be both. Phyllodes tumors of the breast require surgery to treat the cancer cells and prevent it from coming back.
Recurrent and Metastatic Breast Cancer
Recurrent and Metastatic Breast Cancer are the advanced stages of cancer. Recurrent breast cancer is a type of breast cancer that occurs again after a person already had one. Metastatic Breast Cancer involves cancer cells that recurred and spread to the other parts of the body. These types of cancer may reoccur due to undetected cancer cells that survive treatment. Treating recurrent and metastatic cancer takes time.