DIFFERENT TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION
As a human being, we all have the so called Human Rights, anywhere in the world we should exercise our human rights such as rights in education, Right to respect and be protected. Most of the time many individuals didn’t able to received human rights. Perhaps, Inequality exists.
Discrimination is one of the problems for lots of people had experienced. Discrimination is the improper treatment of one person to another or against the other. Sometimes it is having distinction in one group, category or class which one person or thing apparent to belong. Discriminations also includes those treatment of a person based on the group they belong such a way that is worse than the usual treatment for people.
Policies, traditions, practices and ideas regarding discriminatory decision widely exist in many countries to protect those individuals who become a victim of discriminations. But we can’t avoid this kind of thinking because even in a simplest thing. Person can make discrimination against the other.
Types of Discriminations
- Direct discrimination– It takes place when someone is treated unfavorably than other person for the reason that there is protected characteristic they have or thought to them or sometimes about associating with someone who has a protected trait or characteristic. For example, because you’re a child and other were adults or because you’re disabled. The Equality Act 2010 calls these reasons protected characteristics. This can be about disability, gender or sex orientation, marriage or civil partnership, age, religion, and human race.
- Indirect discrimination– This type occur when there is a condition or you have a condition, policy, practices or rule in a group a person belong like organization that applies to everybody but mainly disadvantages individuals who share a protected trait or characteristic. Like this can also be discrimination in ages, Sexual orientation, Beliefs, Marriage and Gender reassignment.
- Comparators in direct discrimination cases-Since direct discrimination is treated unfavorably than other person for the reason that there is protected characteristic they have or thought to them or sometimes about associating with someone who has a protected trait or characteristic. If someone wants to prove that they experience direct discriminations, you need to compare the way other persons be treated even they doesn’t have similar protected characteristic like you. This person called a comparator according to Equality Act.
- Justifying discrimination- In some often cases discrimination said to be unlawful is someone treats you unfairly. The Equality Act of 2010 states that a person has a good enough reason for treating unfairly then, perhaps they have justified discrimination against you. But that justify reason should be able to prove at the court, if needed this would be a legal terms as objective justification. If it is justified enough then it count up as unlawful discrimination under the Equality Act. Example, Direct age discrimination.
- Pregnancy and maternity discrimination- This occurs when someone treats a person unfairly because of pregnancy or recently giving birth. This is also known a Maternity discrimination from the Equality Act 2010. Discriminating against pregnancy can do take actions in the court. The protection against this discrimination begins when you became pregnant this is called protected period. If you are employee you have a right on maternity leave. If you’re not an employee, the protection period will end after two weeks of giving birth.
- Absence from work because of gender reassignment– Gender reassignment is a decision a person to change his or her sex or gender or in the process of changing his or her sex. It is one of the common forms of discrimination. When a person needs to get time off on his job because of gender reassignment, the employee should be protected by the employer and employer should not treat the person unfavorably than they would if the person under gender reassignment is absent because of injury or sickness.
- Discrimination connected to your disability- Most of the time, persons with disability experience discrimination because of what they had like difficulties in commuting or using public transport, need assistance, movement difficulties, speech difficulties and many more that they are complexity off. For example, a blind person need a dog for his assistance and the blind person want to eat in a restaurant but the restaurant doesn’t agree or permit him to take his dog inside. This would be unlawful and a kind of discrimination. And sometime persons with disability said or discriminate to be incapable to do the job of a normal people which is wrong.
- Duty to make reasonable adjustments for disabled people- According to Equality Act of 2010 the adjustments or changes should be completed to ensure the admission or access of the following if you are disabled: Housing, employment, education, hospitals, and cinemas. Goods and services, offices, banks, association, council and many more. In addition the Equality Act of 2010 says that you are not subject to pay for the adjustments. Adjustments should be made if reasonably such your disability, size of organization, how possible the changes are and what do people or organization should or have to do. Some organizations probably have or do certain things which make more difficult for a person with disability to do something or to access to something. And this is called practice or policy. The organization should change those things if they are barrier or obstruction for you.
- Harassment- Is the act of someone in a way which offends a person or makes her or him humiliated or intimidated. This may be insulting gestures, abusive comments, offensive emails, abusive written words, jokes or graffiti. This is also under the Equality Act of 2010. Harassment is unlawful discrimination for it may be connected to gender reassignment, age, sex, religion, disability and sexual orientation. Harassment may violate person’s dignity, hostile, intimidating and hostile if those effects felt by a person who had been discriminate then, it is characteristic of being harassed.
- Sexual harassment- Is an act in when a person make you fell intimated or offended in behavior under sexual nature. It includes displaying videos, photos or drawings of a sexual nature, sexual jokes, sexual comments, sending letters and emails with sexual content. Example if you employer display a topless women calendar in his desk and you find it offensive and request to remove it but your employer refuses to do so. Then, you can make actions under the Equality Act of 2010. Sexual harassment may also violate in someone’s dignity.
- Making or telling someone to discriminate – It’ is an unlawful act telling, instructing or inducing someone or make someone harass or discriminate against one person. It doesn’t matter if someone discriminate you or not. The unlawful act here was from telling or making someone to discriminate other person. It is unlawful to discriminate you because of disability, race, age, civil partnership, beliefs or religion, marriage, gender reassignment and pregnancy.
- Victimization- It is unlawful act if someone had been treated badly. It is occur when an ordinary employee is treated in unlawful manner because of what they’ve made, or because they complained or lift a criticism under the Equality Act; if a person is being victimized because of age, sex, gender and other form that is common subject for discrimination they may to lawful and legal acts under Equality Act so that they keep on being protected.
- Associative discrimination- This discrimination refers based on individual’s association such as Sexual orientation, race and religion. This also covers age, sex or gender reassignment and Disability. For example a student with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is not allowed to attend recognition because of doubts in child behavior. Or an employee is not subject for promotion because of elderly age.
- Discrimination by perception- It is a discrimination against someone because of wrongly perceived to have a convinced or possess protected trait or even they didn’t posses a certain characteristic. For example if the Professor believes that his student is a gay or a member of particular group or different from his religion thus, the professor will treat the student unfavorably. And this would be unlawful under the Equality Act.
- Harassment by a third party- this happens when the harassment is made by an outsider. Normally, discrimination was come from customer or clients, vendors, suppliers and other site employees. This may also create severe abusive work environment or pervasive and hostile. For example a client or customer touched the arm of an employee in appropriately while they are in a lunch for a business transaction despite of request to stop this would be subject for harassment.
- Sexual harassment– Is an act in when a person make you fell intimated or offended in behavior under sexual nature. It includes displaying videos, photos or drawings of a sexual nature, sexual jokes, sexual comments, sending letters and emails with sexual content. Example if you employer display a topless women calendar in his desk and you find it offensive and request to remove it but your employer refuses to do so. Then, you can make actions under the Equality Act of 2010. Sexual harassment may also violate in someone’s dignity.
As a person we must be treated equal or identical because of rights we posses. If someone treat you unfairly because of age, disability, race, sex or gender reassignment, or being victim of many unfavorable act that may have been a discrimination. Then, you can do something about it or about that matter for you to be protected.
The Equality Act of 2010 says that you must not able do experienced discrimination for it is unlawful and against in this Act and if you experienced discrimination, you must get action with that civil court to proved and have justice.