Different Types of Ferns

Ferns are ancient vascular plants which date back to about 360 million years ago and older than land animals like dinosaurs. They belong to Pteridophyta division which is about 1200 different types with varying sizes and habitat, living in swamps, shady places    

DIFFERENT TYPES OF FERNS:

BOSTON FERN:

BOSTON FERN

  • Boston fern belongs to the sword fern which is of long bright fronds and mainly used as indoor hanging plants
  • It is an cultivate fern with pinnate leaves and has many varieties like frilly or lacy fronds with varying colours like gold
  • It is an herbaceous evergreen plant belonging to Nephrolepis family with 30 tropical varieties
  • Boston fern usually grows in areas like swampy areas, tropical portions, along roadside and become the well-known indoor plant in the 19th century during victoria era period

HOLLY FERN:

HOLLY FERN

  • Holly fern belongs to tropical old fern family and found in mountainous regions like Eurasia and North America
  • It is a small fern which grows with a narrow glossy fronds along with bristle edged lobes
  • These evergreen fern are divided into leaflets and they are further divided into smaller one known as pinnules

MAIDENHAIR FERN:

MAIDENHAIR FERN

  • Maidenhair fern which is of a arching mounded structure is also known as the northern maiden hair or adiantum pedatum
  • It is a medium textured fern with soft nature with elegant finish and used as an indoor plants which looks in either reddish brown or golden
  • Adiantum is the genus name which derived from Greek word means leaves of the plant repel in the water
  • This is also used in medical treatments like cough, bronchitis etc

STAG HORN  FERN:

STAG HORN  FERN

  • Stag horn is an epiphytic fern which belongs to the family of Poltpodiaceae or Platycerium which includes 18 species of variety along with many hybrids
  • The fern is of a antler shaped fronds and it has round barren fronds which is used as support against branches or wall and can be used in a hanging basket for aesthetic view
  • Stag horn fern which got its name from its fronds look and means air plants
  • Platycerium bifurcatum,Platycerium superbum,Platycerium veitchii,Platycerium hillii,Platycerium angolense are some of the varieties

OSTRICH  FERN:

OSTRICH  FERN

  • Ostrich fern is also known as the Matteuccia struthiopteris or Fiddlehead fern grown mainly in Alaska, Virginia and mountain regions like Central Missouri
  • It grows in places like alluvial deposists,delta of shallow streams and for beautiful looks also grown in garden areas
  • Ostrich fern is a tall plant with leaves and some varieties of it used as food plants and eaten as vegetable

JAPANESE PAINTED  FERN:

JAPANESE PAINTED  FERN

  • Japanese painted fern is a native species of Eastern Asia and also known as the Oriental lady fern or Athyrium niponicum
  • This deciduous fern is of fine texture which grows up to more than one feet and it is mostly cultivated
  • Its fragile appearance with the silver grey fronds gives an great landscape with tricolour fronds
  • Japanese painted fern can be grown both in landscapes and produced in containers

AUSTRALIAN  TREE FERN:

AUSTRALIAN  TREE FERN

  • It is a tropical thick wood plant with large fronds and found especially in areas like Australia and New Zealand; it belongs to the family called Cyatheaceae,Dicksoniaceaeand Polypodiophyta.
  • Australian fern is used as cultivation purpose in temperate regions and it name refers to Cyathea Cooperi and Cyathea Australis
  • There are three different zones of varieties namely Australian Dicksonia,Cyathea and Equatorial Cibotium which will take years to grow big and found in Malaysia to Mexico

ASPARAGUS FERN:

ASPARAGUS FERN

  • Asparagus fern is a small climbing vine fern with flowers and pea sized blackberries which belongs to lily family
  • The name Asparagus has a strong term has it is neither belong to fern family or vegetables and found in southern Africa
  • It has a long branches with fine textures along with needle like leaves and also called as Sprengeri fern
  • It is used as an ornamental hanging in hanging baskets and excellent planting for landscapes with its bright green foliage’s

BIRD NEST  FERN:

BIRD NEST  FERN

  • Bird nest is one of the tropical plant with leaves arranged like nest like shapes and used as the famous houseplants
  • Its centre portion looks like a crow nest with huge leaves and identified due to its flat crinkly fronds
  • Its commonly found near the way side and also non-poisonous which is eaten by the tribes of Malaysia
  • This fern is found in the regions like Asia, Australia and Africa and needs medium to low light to grow

CINNAMON  FERN:

CINNAMON  FERN

  • This is a perennial fern also known as the Osmunda Cinnamonea and got its name from the spores nestled near the fronds portions
  • The cinnamon fern is grown in the ranges like North America, Western Ontario, American gulf coast and the sub species varieties are found in eastern Asia
  • It’s a large fern with green fronds in a cinnamon colour which needs full shade or moisture to grow properly in row ways and mostly it is cultivated

HORSE TAILFERN:

HORSE TAILFERN

  • Horse tail fern is a perennial type and one of the largest European species grown in regions like northern hemisphere areas of Asia,Europe,North America and Africa
  • It’s a vascular plant also known as the snake grass which has about nearly twenty species and related to fern family
  • This type of ferns are found in areas like marshes,rivers,bottom lands, open fields etc
  • As it is rich in silica ,it is considered as the herbal remedy for curing snow blindness since from Roman and Greek periods

CLOVER LEAFFERN:

CLOVER LEAFFERN

  • The clover leaf fern is also known as the pepperwort or water clover family because the leaves of the ferns looks like four leaf clover
  • This fern looks like a full plant structure with roots, stem and leaves and it’s a flowering plant

ANCIENT  FERN:

ANCIENT  FERN

  • This type of ferns have been vanished and only around 10 to 13 species are existing
  • The ancient fern have only tiny leaves in it known as microphyl and Rhynia sp is one of the type of it

WIREFERN:

WIRE FERN

  • The wire fern is also known as the Lycophyta and considered as the extinct species
  • The fern is of a fork shapes and it resembles like a pine conus and referred as ground pine
Categories Nature

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